Charles IV – 700th Anniversary of his birth – Celebrations in Czech Republic
“Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV) 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the House of Luxembourg from his father’s side and the House of Přemyslid from his mother’s side, which he emphasised, because it made him have two saints as direct ancestors.
He was the eldest son and heir of King John of Bohemia, who died at the Battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346. Charles inherited the County of Luxembourg from his father and was elected the king of the Kingdom of Bohemia. On 2 September 1347, Charles was crowned King of Bohemia.
On 11 July 1346, prince-elector selected him King of the Romans (rex Romanorum) in opposition to Emperor Louis IV. Charles was crowned on 26 November 1346 in Bonn. After his opponent died, he was re-elected in 1349 and crowned King of the Romans. In 1355 he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. With his coronation as King of Burgundy in 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire.”
Edited From – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor (click link to go to full article) Picture is By Meister Theoderich von Prag (Umkreis) – Scanned from Bohemian art of the gothic and early renaissance periods, Press Foto, Praha, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1755205
První zářijové dny roku 1347 absolvovali římský král Karel Lucemburský a francouzská princezna Blanka z Valois mnohahodinový obřad v románské Spytihněvově bazilice sv. Víta na Pražském hradě, aby se stali českým králem a českou královnou. V neděli 4. 9. 2016 se pokusili historici Univerzity Karlovy a Akademie věd ČR slavnostní událost věrně zrekonstruovat. Po jedné hodině po poledni se rozezněly zvony a do katedrály původním vchodem (tzv. Zlatou bránou) vstoupil průvod církevních hodnostářů, zbrojnošů, královské družiny i samotného Karla IV. a Blanky z Valois. Korunovace však nebyla předvedena přesně podle Korunovačního řádu českých králů, ale jen ve zkrácenější verzi. ¨
Více na: http://iforum.cuni.cz/IFORUM-15941.html (The first days of September 1347, they passed the Roman king Charles of Luxembourg and a French princess Blanche of Valois many hours of ceremony in Romanesque Basilica of St. Spytihněvova. Vitus to become the Czech king and queen Czech. On Sunday, 4. 9. 2016, tried to historians Charles University and the Czech Academy of Sciences gala event faithfully reconstructed. After one hour after noon bells of the cathedral and the main entrance (ie. The Golden Gate) joined the procession of church dignitaries, men at arms, the royal entourage and Charles IV himself. and Blanche of Valois. Coronation was not demonstrated exactly coronation of Czech kings, but only edited version. ¨More on: http://iforum.cuni.cz/IFORUM-15941.html
Top photo from website. Lower is Charles and Blanche, Photo by By Diligent : small edit on the bottom right corner – from de:wikipedia . The image is from a manuscript of the autobiography of Charles IV., dated 1475, stored in: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, cod. 581, fol. 1r., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1912741)
(There is a much shorter version below from 2007, their “trial run”)
The commercial – Korunovační slavnosti 👑 3. a 4. září 2016, Praha k příležitosti výročí 700 let od narození Karla IV. Lucemburského, krále Zemí koruny České a císaře Svaté říše Římské. (Coronation festivities 👑 3 and 4 September 2016 in Prague to mark the anniversary of 700 years since the birth of Charles IV. Luxembourg, King of Czech lands and the Holy Roman Emperor.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y_Vwh-KN3w0
- This one is translatable…. the program for the weekend. Makes our demos look tiny! – http://otecvlasti.eu/jiz-o-vikendu-v-praze-korunovacni-slavnosti-rekonstrukce-korunovace-karla-iv/
- Also translatable and a video (in Czech) of this weekend’s version of the Coronation – http://zpravy.idnes.cz/primy-prenos-korunovacni-slavnosti-rekonstrukce-korunovace-karel-iv-stream-18b-/domaci.aspx?c=A160902_142212_praha-zpravy_nub
- Karel IV. se vrátil na korunovaci do svatého Víta. „Kousnul“ se mu ale plášť (Charles IV. He returned to the coronation in St. Vitus Cathedral. “He bit” But he’s mantle) – This is an article with good pix, but the translation….. “He wiggled his wives.”?!?!?! http://www.blesk.cz/clanek/regiony-praha-praha-zpravy/416317/karel-iv-se-vratil-na-korunovaci-do-svateho-vita-kousnul-se-mu-ale-plast.html <giggling> Rekonstrukce korunovace Karla IV. proběhla v neděli v katedrále svatého Víta,…BLESK.CZ Use the “translate” button!
MaryAnne Anja Bues Bartlett – Full quote, “But even Charles was a man. Wiggled his wives, overindulged in alcohol and did not hesitate when necessary to bribe. “She found a mention of the son Wilhelm, who bought the noble noblewoman. And Charles woman probably knew about it, gossip and worked in the Middle Ages. The wine had a positive attitude, even contributed to the vine growing in our country, “said the Blesk.cz earlier historian Eva Doležalová.”
Cynthia Ley English is so idiomatic, it’s almost impossible to translate well.
MaryAnne Anja Bues Bartlett SOme of the translations, when you “get” the original are a real hoot! We would translate “Wiggled” as “Cheated on”…
(Photo for this section By Matt Borak at the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=619420)
…and some of the singing that can be heard in the recordings of the Coronation is the Schola Gregoriana Pragensis. Here is their promo vid https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LQ5Nmfw3lLQ I think the views of the chapel interior where they’re playing is from the Loreta…. 200 years, post-Charles, but still…. and views of the Charles bridge and other spots. I put a copy of the album on my wishlist and ordered a previous one (that was 2.49 and US shipping instead of $20 plus bucks and international!
Schola Gregoriana Pragensis – http://www.gregoriana.cz/en/sgp
The Coronation (from a 2007 recording) – A much shorter video – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CW42QhFnnA
Snips of the reconstruction of the Coronation (yes, there were several different “Blanche de Valois” in the various events and recordings… you’re not crazy! – “Záznam rekonstrukce slavnostní korunovace Karla IV. českým králem a jeho první manželky Blanky z Valois českou královnou, která se uskutečnila 6. října 2007 u příležitosti 660. výročí v pražském kostele Pany Marie, sv. Jeronýma a českých patronů v Emauzích.” (Recording reconstruction ceremonial coronation of Charles IV. Czech king and his first wife Blanche of Valois Czech queen, which took place on October 6, 2007 to mark the 660th anniversary of the Prague Church of the Virgin Mary, St. Jerome and Czech patrons in Emmaus.)
Photo is By Packare – Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33061244
- The procession – at 2:46 omgs the *cloaks*! – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WYYdD9vnnqQ
- Another, Omgs…. at 3:22! Her dress and cloak! omgs…. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z5BAKoWYQ_k
- Yet another procession vid. Heraldic display on the horses! 2:50 for the coronation mantles. If I’ve got the geography right this is after the Coronation. 3:33 for the falconer. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNfHPXlHSCI
- The torchlight procession entry to Prague.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxnqnafDJuk A lot of the shouting in these recordings are shouts of “Slava ….!” and “Vivat!” Slava means, “hail”….sortof… those are a period equivalent of the toasting that happens at weddings. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxnqnafDJuk
- Yet another of the processions, but this has some fun mugging at the beginning. This is in Mala Strana…the Little Quarter below the castle. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0SZ1Fp9PxOg
Korunovační slavnosti – The Coronation Celebrations – Some from the associated fair: bath, lathe, great wheel, potter wheel, shoes, Dudy (Czech bagpipes at 1:30) juggler, krumhorn/lute/harp and a cute kid game (I think that one is actually period…gotta dig some more… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLxZaY91Hqw
Here’s one from Hradec Kralove of a festival to Charles IV’s mother, Eliska (Elizabeth), the last of the Prmyslid dynasty. (in Czech) …and the darling tiny merchant toward the end of the video! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mYjngPzeuXA – Celebrations of Queen Elizabeth – Queen Elisabeth Richeza after a year visited the Hradec Kralove. Her fifteenth stop in the East metropolis brought traditional ceremony, which took place in the city center. The audience on several stages entertained by medieval musicians, dancers, jugglers, comedians and more. There was also the traditional procession through the town …) (Photo of ink drawing of Eliska By Anonymous – Zbraslavská kronika, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4470090)
A long one with really varied costumes and music and it begins with a guy blowing a real cow horn! The Archbishop processes in with the replica Crown, too. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7E5vS5t9UCM If I understand what I’m reading this is from earlier in the year. It seems to be Jan and Eliska with Charles (still Vaclav and a baby) represented by a doll. There’s a lot about the exhibition/celebration in the notes and google does a decent job on them, for once. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7E5vS5t9UCM – “Celkem sedmi hlavními výstavními projekty si Pražský hrad připomene 700. výročí narození českého krále a císaře Karla IV.” (A total of seven major exhibition projects Prague castle commemorate the 700th anniversary of the birth of the Czech King and Emperor Charles IV.) There are great views of the modern interior of Prague Castle as the procession comes through the gate and around to the side of the Cathedral past the Horses Hall, and one awesome shot up the front of Sv. Vitus Catedrale. (photo of manuscript By Unknown – mujweb.cz/Zabava/historie/luxemburg.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=609816)
This is from The Czech Chronicles…a history series. “Karel IV. král český a římský” (Charles IV, King of the Czechs and Holy Roman Emperor)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3fc3jq3LEA There are some gorgeous pictures of the Wenceslaus Crown, castles that he built and “erby” (pronounced AIR-bee….heraldry) and the “dukat”, his golden coin based on his “Zlato Bul” (ZLAH-toh Bool, Golden Bull, the state seal) and a lot more! …and at 9:45 there’s a pic of an extant, stone, double, oil lamp! – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3fc3jq3LEA – There are also a number of shots of various castles, particularly Karlstein.
(Photo of the Zlato Bul by de:Benutzer:Wolpertinger – This picture is taken from the German Wikipedia, first uploaded there 12:34, 26. Mär 2005 by Wolpertinger (upload and deletion log)., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=242551)
An Album with some more pix. These were collected on Facebook.
One last link to information about the Premyslid Dynasty – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C5%99emyslid_dynasty
In ministerio autem Somnium! Anja, graeca doctrina servus to House Capuchin
Page Created 9/12/16 & published 9/13/16 (C)M. Bartlett
Last updated 11/21/16